Top 14 Biggest and beautiful forts in India
Today we are going to take a peek to our past. So, as we all know that India is the place of Royalty. And royalty is something that attracts everyone’s thought. And our land is real infested by many of these ancient forts and monuments that attracts a large number of tourists every year. the focusing point is that India has 2 forts i.e. the Agra and Red fort that are included in UNESCO world heritage sites. So let’s take a look on our glorious past through the eyes of these magnificent monuments.
14. Shaniwar Wada, Pune (Maharashtra)
Shaniwar Wada was built in 1732, by the Peshwas (Prime Ministers) of the Maratha King (Chhatrapati) which is spread over 625 acres. This 13-storey fort was started in 1730 by Bajirao and finally made ready in 1732. Security was given prime importance here to resist the attack of enemies, with nine bastions and five gateways (Dilli darwaza, Mastani darwaza, Khidki darwaza, Ganesh darwaza and Narayan darwaza). Shaniwar Wada fort was the center of Indian politics in the 18th century. It was the official place of residence of the Peshwas (Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire) until 1818, when the latter lost its control to East India Company.
13. Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Nahargarh is one of three forts in the “Pink City” of Jaipur and it stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year 1734 as a retreat. The king of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh II, commissioned Nahargarh in 1734 to increase the strength and security of his newly established capital (which he’d relocated from Amber Fort in 1727) after an ongoing battle against the Marathas. The fort is built in beautiful Indo-European architecture housing several beautiful structures inside.
12. Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur, (Rajasthan)
This Fort was constructed by Bharatpur’s jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal, It is considered as one of the strongest ever built in Indian history. Lohagarh Fort or Iron Fort, was as strong as its name because British rulers were never able to conquer it. It has two gates: Ashtdhaatu (eight-metalled) to the north and Chowburja (four-pillared) to the south. Fort has some interesting monuments inside including the Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas, Kothi Khas, Moti Mahal, and towers like Jawahar Burj, Fateh Burj, Mahal Khas, Kamra Mahal and Purana Mahal. Fort also houses a government museum which exhibits various armours and weapons of that era.
11. Amer Fort, Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Fort was was built in 16th century by a trusted general of Akbar, Maan Singh on the top of the Aravali Hill. Amer fort or Amber fort is located a little away from the Jaipur and it is major tourist attraction of city. Fort or palace is divide in four section which combined forms palace. Each of four section has its own gate and courtyard. The first gate or main entrance, is called Suraj Pol or Sun Gate. In the first courtyard named Jalebi Chowk, soldiers used to assemble and celebrate their victory in this very courtyard.
10. Bidar Fort, Bidar (Karnataka)
Located on the northern plateau of Bidar city in Karnataka, it was originally constructed in the 8th century and later reconstructed in 1428 AD.The Fort was fully built by Sultan Alla-Ud Din Bahman of the Bahmanid Dynast in irregular rhombus with straight walls on the edge of the plateau. This fort is located at a distance of 64 km from the ancient city of Kalyani of the Chalukya Empire. The fort comprises seven gates with 37 bastions on the fort wall and 30 monuments within its boundaries. Fort has a unique water supply system known as Karez, which used the Persian water harnessing technology
9. Mysore Palace, Mysuru (Karnataka)
Mysore Palace was built in year 1912 for the 24th Ruler of the Wodeyar Dynasty of Mysore and it is counted amongst one of the biggest palaces in the country. It is still the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and the seat of the Kingdom of Mysore. Mysore Palace is also known as the Amba Vilas Palace.The architectural style of domes of the palace is described as Indo-Saracenic, with blends of the Hindu, Mughal, Rajput, and Gothic styles. It is a three-story stone structure with marble domes, and has a 145-foot five-story tower. It is the second most visited historical monument in India for both local and foreign tourists after the Taj Mahal.
8. Agra Fort, Agra
Agra Fort, also called Red Fort, was built in the year 1573 under the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Fort is located on the Yamuna River in the historic city of Agra and it was the main residence of the Mughal dynasty until the year 1638. Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site and major tourist spot and attraction for many tourists from all over the world. The fort is separated from its sister monument Taj Mahal which is at 2.5 km. The walls of the fort have a circumference of about 1.5 miles (2.5 km), with height of 21 meter which is surrounded by a moat. The fort enclose with numerous structures like the Jahangir Mahal, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khass, Diwan-i-Am, Machchhi Bhawan and Moti Masjid.
7. Junagarh Fort, Bikaner (Rajasthan)
The Junagarh fort was constructed by Raja Rai Singh, between 1588 -1593 AD. He was the sixth ruler of Binaker who ruled here from 1571 to 1611 AD. It is one of the few major forts in Rajasthan which is built on flat ground instead of hills. The modern city of Bikaner has developed around this fort. Fort has two entrance and has a total of 986 long walls with 37 bastions. There are a total of 37 palaces, with a number of pavilions and temples inside fort. One of the highlights of the architecture of fort is its stone carving with an excellent quality, paintings and decorations in traditional style.
6. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad
Golconda Fort is one of the most famous forts in India which was built in 16th century. Between 1518 to 1591 it was the capital of the Quṭb Shāhī kingdom (1518–1687), one of five Muslim sultanates of the Deccan. Fort was built on a 120-m-high hill to track the activity of enemies. From the top of the fort, one can spot the stunning Deccan plateau and also get a bird’s eye view of the bustling and lit-up city of Hyderabad. Golconda Fort’s massive gates were studded with iron spikes to obstruct enemy and war elephants.
5. Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
The exact period of construcion of Gwalior Fort is not yet known still according to historian fort was built in the 3rd century by a local king Suraj Sen. Gwalior Fort stands on a vast rocky hill surrounded by concrete walls of sandstone, it encloses three temples, six palaces and several water tanks, and is truly an architectural marvel. The fort was regarded as north and central India’s most invincible fortress. Gwalior fort houses two palaces, ‘Gujari Mahal’ and ‘Man Mandir’, which were built by Raja Man Singh Tomar during the 15th Century. The most beautiful place in the entire premises is Man Mandir Palace, because of its amazingly elaborate structures.
Also read : Varanasi – The city of Kashi Vishwanath
4. Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan
Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fort in the world located in Jaisalmer city of India. It was built in 1156 AD by Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal. Jaisalmer fort is the most popular attraction for tourist in Jaisalmer city. Jaisalmer fort houses museum, shops, restaurants, residential accommodations, hotels and other facilities. Fort is 250 foot tall, protected by 30 feet long walls. The fort constitutes 99 bastions, amongst these 92 were built between 1633 and 1647, with 4 gateways to reach the fort i.e. Ganesh Pol, Akshya Pol, Suraj Pol and Hawa Pol. The fort looks golden in the early morning when the first rays of the sun touch the fort.
3. Chittorgarh Fort, Rajasthan
Chittorgarh Fort, is one of the largest in India the symbol of Rajput chivalry, resistance and bravery. situated on a 180 metres high hill rising from the plains of River Berach it is Spanned across an area of 692 acre. It is believed that the fort was constructed by Chitrangad Mori of the Maurya dynasty way back in the 7th century A.D. Later, Bappa Rawal, the founder of Mewar dynasty, made Chittorgarh his capital. The fort was declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO and protected under the Archaeological Survey of India.
2. Red Fort, New Delhi
Red Fort, also spelled Lal Kila or Lal Qila, is a Mughal fort in Old Delhi, built by Shah Jahan in the mid-17th century. It still remains a major tourist attraction of country. The fort was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007. The fort is covered by massive red sandstone walls with height of 75 feet (23 metres), fort is enclose wwith a complex of palaces and entertainment halls, projecting balconies, baths and indoor canals, and geometrical gardens, and an ornate mosque. Every year on the Independence day of India, the Prime Minister hoists the Indian Flag at the main gate of the Red fort
1. Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
With an altitude of 410 feet, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the biggest and magnificent forts in India. Built by Rao Jodha in the year 1459, fort is spread over an area of 5 km and is built on approx 125 m high hill in the outskirts of Jodhpur city. There are seven gates, made by different rulers which include Jayapol (meaning ‘victory gate’), built by Maharaja Man Singh to commemorate his victories over Jaipur and Bikaner armies.